What are some challenges of growing wheat?
What are some challenges of growing wheat?
Heavy rains, diseases and insects are a few of the many hardships Southeast wheat farmers have faced this growing season. According to the USDA, the total number of acres of wheat planted in Alabama, Georgia and Florida was 585,000, compared to 745,000 in 2008.
What are the challenges faced by farmers in cultivation of wheat?
Most of the times wheat is sown by broadcasting seeds. Even though it is the easiest method of sowing it has a lot of disadvantages like improper germination due to uneven sowing depth, increased seed rate, uneven row distribution.
Can Nigeria grow wheat?
Wheat is a cereal widely cultivated in many countries. In Nigeria, wheat is grown mostly in Borno, Bauchi, Yobe, Kano, Jigawa, and Zamfara States.
Is wheat farming profitable in Nigeria?
In Nigeria, domestic wheat production is still very low, equaling to about 90,000 tons. The demand is however much higher; over 4 million tons of wheat is needed to satisfy the national demand. The taste of the local population is changing and wheat has become a very profitable cash crop to grow.
Why does Australia produce so much wheat?
Growing Wheat Wheat is grown throughout the wheat belt (figure 1) and is reliant on rainfall and favourable weather events to maximise production. The main producing states are Western Australia, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria and Queensland.
What are production constraints and challenges for wheat production?
The constraints in wheat production are region-specific (Table 4), and it requires setting research priorities to address them. Rust, infestation of weeds such as Phalaris minor , wild oat, late sowing, low plant population, etc., were identified as the major constraints across wheat-growing zones.
How does grain farming affect the environment?
and also environmental impacts of crop production (e.g., soil degradation, water depletion and pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, etc.). We find that wheat is a significant crop that will need to increase production to meet increasing demand. Most land suitable for wheat production is already under cultivation.
Why does Nigeria import so much wheat?
Russia, the United States, Canada, and Australia supply the bulk of Nigeria’s wheat imports destined for milling and product production. Sources indicate that the flour milled from local wheat is not economically suitable for the manufacture of bread, pasta, and noodles.
How long does wheat take to grow in Nigeria?
Nigerian farmers plant their wheat in either November or December, and it usually takes something around three to four months for the crops to grow and become available for harvesting. If you sow the wheat early enough in the dry season, then your crops will suffer less from weeds.
How much is a hectare of wheat?
In financial year 2020, the estimated yield of wheat in the south Asian country of India was approximately 3.4 thousand kilograms per hectare. A consistent increase in the yield of wheat was noted since fiscal year 2015.
Which country is largest producer of wheat?
China is the top country by wheat production in the world. As of 2020, wheat production in China was 134,250 thousand tonnes that accounts for 20.66% of the world’s wheat production.
Which Australian state grows the most wheat?
Australia produces about 25 million tonnes of wheat per year, accounting for 3.5 per cent of annual global production. Western Australia and New South Wales are the largest production states.
How much land is there for wheat in Nigeria?
Currently, Nigeria has up to 650 000 hectares of available agricultural land for wheat production yet very few individuals are taking advantage of this. The variety of wheat used in Nigeria is called hard wheat. Unlike the winter wheat, this wheat is bred for the tropical climate.
How often do you need to irrigate wheat in Nigeria?
However if you are growing your wheat around the North Eatern part of Nigeria particularly the Lake Chad region, you’d need to irrigate often due to the nature of the soil. The soil in this area is vertisol hence irrigation should be done at least twice a month.
Why is wheat grown in the northern states?
Unlike the winter wheat, this wheat is bred for the tropical climate. It is also heat tolerant and can be grown in many of the Northern states. Wheat cultivation has great commercial and economic benefit to both the individual farmer and the country as a whole.
How often should you water wheat in Sokoto?
If you’re growing your wheat in the Sokoto area, irrigation should be done once a week, because the soil is sandy. There are different varieties of wheat and the type you plant depends on the purpose of farming. In the case of biscuits and cookies, the white and soft wheat is the best variety.