What are the amendments to the Montreal Protocol?

What are the amendments to the Montreal Protocol?

What are the amendments to the Montreal Protocol?

Amendments to the Montreal Protocol The London Amendment (1990) changed the ODS emission schedule by requiring the complete phaseout of CFCs, halons, and carbon tetrachloride by 2000 in developed countries, and by 2010 in developing countries.

Are hydrofluorocarbons regulated by the Montreal Protocol?

KIGALI AMENDMENT TO THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL On October 15, 2016, Parties to the Montreal Protocol adopted the Kigali Amendment to phase down production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) worldwide.

How many times Montreal Protocol was amended?

These include adjusting or amending the Protocol, which has been done six times since its creation. The most recent amendment, the Kigali Amendment, called for the phase-down of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) in 2016.

Are hydrofluorocarbons banned in Canada?

Canada ratified the Kigali Amendment on November 3, 2017. Once it enters into force on January 1, 2019 Canada will be required to: ban the trade of HFC with Parties that have not ratified the amendment by a certain date.

What are the three provisions of Montreal Protocol?

The Protocol includes provisions related to Control Measures (Article 2), Calculation of control levels (Article 3), Control of trade with non-Parties (Article 4), Special situation of developing countries (Article 5), Reporting of data (Article 7), Non-compliance (Article 8), Technical assistance (Article 10), as well …

Is the Montreal Protocol working?

The Montreal Protocol has been successful in reducing ozone-depleting substances and reactive chlorine and bromine in the stratosphere. As a result, the ozone layer is showing the first signs of recovery. In 2019, the stratosphere was particularly warm during the Antarctic winter and spring.

Can you import refrigerant into Canada?

18. New HCFC-22, HCFC-141b and HCFC-142b can be imported with an allowance or a transfer of allowance, if they are intended to be exported or to be used as a refrigerant or as a fire-extinguishing agent.

Is R22 legal in Canada?

To fulfill its commitment to the Montreal Protocol, the Canadian government began phasing out R22. Most recently, the production and import of R22 for use in air conditioning and refrigeration systems was prohibited in Canada effective January 1, 2020.

What is the significance of Montreal Protocol and Kigali Amendment to Montreal Protocol?

With the Kigali Amendment, the Montreal Protocol will be an even more powerful instrument against global warming. The amendment will enter into force on 1 January 2019, provided it has been ratified by at least 20 parties. The goal is to achieve over 80% reduction in HFC consumption by 2047.

Is R22 refrigerant still available?

When the phase-out is complete in 2020, R22 refrigerant will no longer be available. You can continue to use R22 refrigerant in existing systems, but it will only be available through after-market sales, such as when it is recovered from older systems that have been salvaged.