What does the judicial branch do in Illinois?

What does the judicial branch do in Illinois?

What does the judicial branch do in Illinois?

The Judiciary of Illinois is the unified court system of Illinois responsible for applying the Constitution and law of Illinois. It consists of the Supreme Court, Appellate Court, and circuit courts. The Supreme Court oversees the administration of the court system.

What are 3 responsibilities of the judicial branch?

The duties of the judicial branch include:

  • Interpreting state laws;
  • Settling legal disputes;
  • Punishing violators of the law;
  • Hearing civil cases;
  • Protecting individual rights granted by the state constitution;
  • Determing the guilt or innocence of those accused of violating the criminal laws of the state;

What does the judicial branch do kid version?

The judicial branch of government reviews laws and determines whether or not they’re constitutional. This is part of the ‘checks and balances’ system in which the other two branches include the legislative branch, or Congress, which makes the laws, and the executive branch, or the president, which carries out the laws.

Who heads the judicial branch in Illinois?

In Illinois, the Governor, one of six elected constitutional officers, heads the Executive Branch. The General Assembly, a bicameral body made up of the 59-member Senate and 118-member House of Representatives, heads the Legislative Branch. The seven member State Supreme Court heads the Judicial Branch.

What is the highest court in Illinois called?

The Illinois Supreme Court
The Illinois Supreme Court is the highest court in the State. Cases are normally channeled to the Supreme Court from the Appellate Court, but in cases where a Circuit Court has imposed a death sentence the law allows direct appeal to the Supreme Court, bypassing the Appellate Court.

What is the judicial branch in charge of?

The judicial branch is in charge of deciding the meaning of laws, how to apply them to real situations, and whether a law breaks the rules of the Constitution.

What is judicial responsibility?

Judicial responsibility is a broad concept. It encompasses all forms of responsibihty that may be imposed upon a person or body exercising a judicial function. The second complicating circumstance is that in the United States the responsibility for judging a case is normally borne by a judge sitting with a jury.

What are 5 facts about the judicial branch?

The Judicial Branch is determined by the U.S. Congress and the U.S. President. Congress is able to determine the number of Supreme Court judges. There have been as few as six and as many as nine at one time. A federal Supreme Court judge can only be removed from their position by retirement, death, or by impeachment.

What are the three qualifications for judges in Illinois?

A judge at any level must be a citizen of the United States, an attorney licensed to practice in Illinois, and a resident of the district or circuit to which the judge is appointed or elected. Partisan elections, set by the political parties, elect an Illinois Supreme Court justice to a ten-year term.

How many judges are on the Illinois Supreme Court?

Illinois Supreme Court. The Supreme Court of Illinois is the final court of appeal on all state matters that have come up from the lower courts. The Illinois Supreme Court is made up of 7 judges, called justices. Supreme Court justices are elected by the people and serve a term of 10 years.

What are the different types of courts in Illinois?

Much like the federal court system, there are 3 types of courts in Illinois: the Illinois Supreme Court, appellate courts, and circuit or trial courts. The main functions of the Judicial Branch are: administering justice. interpreting the meaning of law and the Constitution of Illinois, settling disputes.

What does the judicial branch do for kids?

For Kids. The judicial branch makes sure that the laws and actions of the other two branches agree with the Constitution of the United States of America. The judicial branch includes the U.S. Supreme Court.

Who are the state courts of Appeal in Illinois?

The IL Judicial branch is composed of a system of state courts. The state courts are the Illinois Supreme Court, Illinois Appellate Courts, and the Illinois Circuit Courts. The Supreme Court of Illinois is the final court of appeal on all state matters that have come up from the lower courts.