What is dialysate composition?

What is dialysate composition?

What is dialysate composition?

Dialysate solution commonly contains six (6) electrolytes: sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (Mg2+), chloride (Cl–), and bicarbonate ( ). A seventh component, the nonelectrolyte glucose or dextrose, is invariably present in the dialysate.

What are the components of peritoneal dialysis?

Renal replacement therapy with PD requires 3 key components: (1) the PD catheter, (2) PD solutions, and (3) the peritoneal membrane and its associated vascular supply.

What fluid is used in peritoneal dialysis?

During peritoneal dialysis, a cleansing fluid (dialysate) is circulated through a tube (catheter) inside part of your abdominal cavity (peritoneal cavity). The dialysate absorbs waste products from blood vessels in your abdominal lining (peritoneum) and then is drawn back out of your body and discarded.

What is the concentration of dialysate?

The usual average dialysate concentration is 35 mmol/l, obtained from proportioning dialysis stations that mix bicarbonate from solution or dry powder to water and an ‘acid’ compartment containing a small amount of acetate or lactate and sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium.

What are the different types of dialyzers?

Dialyzers are classified to two types, low-flux and high-flux membrane dialyzers. High-flux dialyzers are recommended for good outcomes in hemodialysis patients [1,2].

How does dialysate fluid work?

Dialysate, also called dialysis fluid, dialysis solution or bath, is a solution of pure water, electrolytes and salts, such as bicarbonate and sodium. The purpose of dialysate is to pull toxins from the blood into the dialysate. The way this works is through a process called diffusion.

How do you make dialysate?

Dialysate is produced by mixing clean, AAMI grade water with both an acid and base concentrate. This purpose of this report is to describe production, mixing and delivery of the buffer component of dialysate, and to also to address the cost, safety and feasibility of producing online bicarbonate.