What is exudative pericardial effusion?

What is exudative pericardial effusion?

What is exudative pericardial effusion?

Exudative effusions are caused by an inflammatory or malignant process affecting the pleura, causing increased capillary permeability and fluid accumulation. Common causes of exu-dates include pneumonia, cancer, tuberculosis and pulmonary embolism.

What is pericardial effusion with tamponade?

Pericardial tamponade, also known as cardiac tamponade, is a medical condition caused by the compression of the heart due to a build-up of fluid, blood, or air in the pericardium, which is the double-walled sac surrounding the heart.

Why is there no Y descent absent in cardiac tamponade?

The y descent is abolished in the jugular venous or right atrial waveform. This is due to an increase in intrapericardial pressure, preventing diastolic filling of the ventricles.

Can you live with pericardial effusion?

Pericardial effusion puts pressure on the heart, affecting the heart’s function. If untreated, it can lead to heart failure or death.

What is pericardial fluid analysis?

Pericardial fluid analysis comprises a group of tests used to determine the cause: red and white blood cell counts and differential, cytology, Gram stain, fungal culture and acid fast staining for tuberculosis.

Is pleural effusion dangerous?

This situation is called a pleural effusion. A few other conditions are associated with pleural effusion caused by pleural fluid, including lung disease and congestive heart failure. Pleural effusion is dangerous if left untreated, but is relatively easy to treat.

What is the definition of pericardial fluid?

Medical Definition of pericardial fluid. : the serous fluid that fills the pericardial cavity and protects the heart from friction.

What is a transudative effusion?

A transudative effusion is one of two types of pleural effusions. In transudative effusions, fluid pressure in the blood vessels increases; and pressure exerted by blood proteins, such as albumin , may also be decreased. These circumstances may cause fluid from the blood vessels to move into the pleural space.