What are the environmental impacts of mining iron ore in Australia?

What are the environmental impacts of mining iron ore in Australia?

What are the environmental impacts of mining iron ore in Australia?

Erosion and sedimentation – erosion of cleared land surface and dumped waste material resulting in sediment loadings into the adjacent water bodies, particularly during rainfall. Environmental impacts resulting from mining are not limited to current mining operations.

What environmental impacts does mining have?

Mining can pollute air and drinking water, harm wildlife and habitat, and permanently scar natural landscapes. Modern mines as well as abandoned mines are responsible for significant environmental damage throughout the West.

How has mining affected Australia?

Mining can impact local communities both positively and negatively. While positive impacts such as employment and community development projects are important, they do not off-set the potential negatives. We have found mining can negatively affect people by: forcing them from their homes and land.

What are the environmental impacts of iron ore mining?

The mining of iron ore is highly energy intensive and causes air pollution in the form of nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide from diesel generators, trucks and other equipment. The mining of iron ore also causes water pollution of heavy metals and acid that drains from the mines.

What do mining companies do to reduce environmental impact?

To become more environmentally sustainable, mining operations must lessen the impact on the environments surround mine sites. Reducing inputs like water, energy and land disruption, and reducing outputs like waste, acid rock drainage and reclamation are vital to a sustainable future.

What is the advantage and disadvantage of mining?

Top 10 Mining Pros & Cons – Summary List

Mining Pros Mining Cons
Higher tax income for governments Habitat destruction
Mining is crucial for technological progress Biodiversity loss
Mining is a mature technology Endangerment of species
Processes around mining are quite efficient Mining can lead to ecological imbalance

What are the impacts of mining on society economy and environment?

Some of the negative impacts of mining are loss of vegetation cover, mass destruction of water bodies, loss of biodiversity, land-use changes and food insecurity, increased social vices and conflicts, high cost of living, and air pollution.

How does Ore affect the environment?

Operations and waste products associated with metal extraction and processing are the principal causes of environmental concerns about metal mining. Concerns include: Physical disturbances to the landscape. Soil and water contamination.

Can mining be environmentally friendly?

By taking the two-pronged approach of reducing inputs (such as by diverting surface water and pumping groundwater, or using alternative energy sources like solar or wind) and reducing outputs (by using cleaner production techniques, and reusing mine waste and by-products), mining operations can maximize their …

How does mining affect the environment in Australia?

Mining remains embedded in Australia’s continuing economic prosperity, contributing half the nation’s export income and nearly $1 trillion planned investment in resource sector industries. Impacts from waste materials of mining can often have detrimental environmental consequences if left unmanaged.

How big are the iron ore reserves in Australia?

Ore Reserves of contained iron reported in compliance with the JORC Code totalled 10 540 Mt in 2018 (Table 1), or 44% of the EDR of contained iron (Table 4). However, not all mining companies are publicly listed; as such, unreported reserves and resources are not included in these figures.

What is the environmental impact of iron ore mining?

The environmental assessment process ensures that projects proceed in an environmentally acceptable manner. The size and scope iron ore projects makes it subject to environmental assessment in all levels of administrative legislation. ^ a b c d Alderon Iron Ore Corp (2011): http://www.ecc.gov.nl.ca/env_assessment/projects/Y2011/1611/index.html.

How is iron ore extracted from the ground?

Mining and processing. Common methods of extracting the iron ore consist of blasting, drilling, or general excavating, ,. Most iron ore is produced from open-pit mines. After the iron ore is out of the ground, it may be shipped to the iron and steel manufacturing plant. If the ore contains less than 60 percent iron,…