What energy transfer occurs during respiration?

What energy transfer occurs during respiration?

What energy transfer occurs during respiration?

Through the process of cellular respiration, the energy in food is converted into energy that can be used by the body’s cells. During cellular respiration, glucose and oxygen are converted into carbon dioxide and water, and the energy is transferred to ATP.

What type of energy transfer is found in photosynthesis?

photosynthesis, the process by which green plants and certain other organisms transform light energy into chemical energy. During photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds.

How is energy transferred to the plant for photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis requires energy in the form of light to drive the chemical reaction. The light energy required is absorbed by a green pigment called chlorophyll in the leaves. Chlorophyll is located in chloroplasts in plant cells , particularly the palisade and spongy mesophyll cells .

What type of energy is used in photosynthesis and cellular respiration?

chemical energy
The main purpose of photosynthesis is to convert radiant energy from the sun into chemical energy that can be used for food. Cellular respiration is the process that occurs in the mitochondria of organisms (animals and plants) to break down sugar in the presence of oxygen to release energy in the form of ATP.

Where is energy stored in glucose?

chemical bonds
Energy is stored in the chemical bonds of the glucose molecules.

How is energy transformed in plant cells?

Photosynthesis. Plant cells obtain energy through a process called photosynthesis. This process uses solar energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into energy in the form of carbohydrates. Secondly, that energy is used to break down carbon dioxide and form glucose, the main energy molecule in plants.

What type of energy can plants be transferred into?

Plants also convert sunlight into other forms of energy. In this case plants convert light energy (1) into chemical energy, (in molecular bonds), through a process known as photosynthesis. Most of this energy is stored in compounds called carbohydrates.

Is energy stored or released in photosynthesis?

The glucose produced by photosynthesis is an integral part of the food chain because a great deal of energy is stored in the chemical bonds in the glucose molecule, and this energy can be released during digestion and chemical processing by other organisms.

How do plants use energy?

Plants are autotrophs, which means they produce their own food. They use the process of photosynthesis to transform water, sunlight, and carbon dioxide into oxygen, and simple sugars that the plant uses as fuel.

What roles does oxygen play in photosynthesis and in cellular respiration?

In photosynthesis, solar energy is harvested as chemical energy in a process that converts water and carbon dioxide to glucose. Oxygen is released as a byproduct. In cellular respiration, oxygen is used to break down glucose, releasing chemical energy and heat in the process.

What kind of energy does glucose contain?

A molecule of glucose, which has the chemical formula C6H12O6, carries a packet of chemical energy just the right size for transport and uptake by cells. In your body, glucose is the “deliverable” form of energy, carried in your blood through capillaries to each of your 100 trillion cells.