What is gas distended bowel loops?

What is gas distended bowel loops?

What is gas distended bowel loops?

Abdominal distension occurs when substances, such as air (gas) or fluid, accumulate in the abdomen causing its expansion. It is typically a symptom of an underlying disease or dysfunction in the body, rather than an illness in its own right. People suffering from this condition often describe it as “feeling bloated”.

How do you treat distended bowel loops?

Treatment includes intravenous (in the vein) fluids, bowel rest with nothing to eat (NPO), and, sometimes, bowel decompression through a nasogastric tube (a tube that is inserted into the nose and goes directly to the stomach). Anti-emetics: Medications may be required to relieve nausea and vomiting.

What does it mean when your colon is distended?

Toxic megacolon occurs when inflammatory bowel diseases cause the colon to expand, dilate, and distend. When this happens, the colon is unable to remove gas or feces from the body. If gas and feces build up in the colon, your large intestine may eventually rupture. Rupture of your colon is life-threatening.

How do you treat a colonic distention?

Although infrequent, colonic distention can recur following successful treatment with neostigmine. Some individuals with Ogilvie syndrome may be treated with colonic decompression, a procedure that reduces pressure within the colon.

What causes colonic distention?

Fecal impaction, which is an increase in colonic content due to constipation, can cause colon distension. In addition, increased amount of colonic content further increases the rate of fermentation and gas production.

What are the symptoms of large bowel obstruction?

What are the symptoms of large bowel obstruction?

  • Abdominal pain, cramping or bloating.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Inability to pass gas or poop (constipation).
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Nausea and vomiting.

Where to look for distended loops of bowel?

If the rectum appears empty, look for gas in the sigmoid and so forth, try and identify where there is a transitionzone from collapsed to distended bowel, that is the site of the obstruction. If there is a single huge gas filled loop like a rubber tyre then there may be a volvulus, the most likely location is a sigmoid volvulus.

What are the symptoms of a distended colon?

Symptoms Of Distended Colon. Abdominal pain: pain in abdomen due to distended colon is the hallmark symptom. Patient may complain of cramping pain. The pain may be continuous or spasmodic.

What are the gas patterns on abdominal radiographs?

Sigmoid volvulus. (A) Plain film showing a large distended loop of sigmoid colon arising from the pelvis extending up to the right upper quadrant, with proximal large bowel obstruction. This is the typical appearance of sigmoid volvulus (coffee bean sign; arrows).

Which is the best treatment for distended colon?

Treatment For Distended Colon. The treatment of distended colon may depend on underlying disease. But before starting any treatment the doctor would like to ascertain the diagnosis. He will advise the patient to do certain tests such as ultra sonogram, X-ray barium enema of large intestine.