What is PO lifetime?

What is PO lifetime?

What is PO lifetime?

Po is an alpha emitter that has a half-life of 138.376 days; it decays directly to stable 206Pb. The majority of the time, 210Po decays by emission of an alpha particle only, not by emission of an alpha particle and a gamma ray; about one in 100,000 decays results in the emission of a gamma ray.

What happens when polonium-210 decays?

Po-210 decays to stable lead-206 by emitting alpha particles, accompanied by very low intensity gamma rays. The majority of the time Po-210 decays by emission of alpha particles only, not by emission of an alpha particle and a gamma ray. Only about one in a 100,000 decays results in the emission of a gamma ray.

What type of radiation occurs with the decomposition of bismuth 210?

beta decay
Bismuth-210 decays to polonium-210 through beta decay. Milligram amounts of polonium-210 have been produced by this method. The longer-lived isotopes polonium-209 (half-life 103 years) and polonium-208 (half-life 2.9 years) are also produced in reactors or particle accelerators, but this is very expensive.

How is alpha decay used in everyday life?

Uses. Americium-241, an alpha emitter, is used in smoke detectors. Alpha decay can provide a safe power source for radioisotope thermoelectric generators used for space probes and were used for artificial heart pacemakers. Alpha decay is much more easily shielded against than other forms of radioactive decay.

What does PO stand for?

post office
PO is an abbreviation for post office or , postal order.

What is polonium used for?

In commercial applications, polonium is occasionally used to remove static electricity in machinery or dust from photographic film. It can also be used as a lightweight heat source for thermoelectric power in space satellites.

Why is polonium-210 unstable?

Po-210 emits alpha particles, which makes it decay to form a stable isotope of lead. The alpha particles carry high amounts of energy which can damage or destroy genetic material in cells inside the body.

What triggers alpha decay?

Alpha decay occurs when heavy atoms above Z = 83 in the nuclide chart emit an alpha particle, which consists of a helium nuclei with two neutrons, two protons, and a 2+ charge.

What are the benefits of alpha decay?

The alpha particles’ primary benefit is their ability to deliver radiation in a highly localized manner. Their short-range in tissue compared to gamma and beta radiation, means that if delivery to cancerous cells is achieved; there is a very low risk of healthy cells being caught in the radiation crossfire.