What is the appearance of ascitic fluid for tuberculosis?

What is the appearance of ascitic fluid for tuberculosis?

What is the appearance of ascitic fluid for tuberculosis?

Tuberculous ascites, one of the clinical signs of abdominal TB, implies accumulation of fluid in the abdomen, a swollen abdomen, and slightly raised tubercles of 1–2 mm all over the peritoneum.

Can ascites be caused by tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis is reported to be the cause of ascites in only 2% of patients; however ascites constitutes the most common form of presentation of tuberculous peritonitis (TBP).

What is Ascitic cytology?

Ascitic fluid cytology should be used judiciously for cases where there is a strong clinical suspicion for malignancy. A thorough morphological assessment with adequate clinical information and correlation with other investigations can be used to arrive at a definitive diagnosis in most cases.

How is ascitic fluid diagnosed?

Ultrasound or CT scan: These imaging scans show your abdominal area in more detail. Paracentesis: You’ll get a local anesthetic before this procedure. Your provider inserts a needle into your abdomen to remove fluid. The fluid is analyzed for signs of cancer, infection, portal hypertension and other conditions.

What is the treatment for abdominal tuberculosis?

All the diagnosed cases of gastrointestinal TB should receive at least 6 mo of antituberculous therapy which includes initial two months of therapy with isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol thrice weekly[12].

What do you mean by analysis of ascitic fluid?

Analysis of Ascitic Fluid for Cytological and Biochemical Findings. This person is not on ResearchGate, or hasn’t claimed this research yet. Ascites is a common clinical finding with a wide range of causes. Ascites refers to collection of excess fluid in the peritoneal cavity.

How are non biochemical tests used to diagnose ascites?

Non-biochemical tests of ascitic fluid, including cell counts, bacterial culture, and PCR, play an important role in diagnosing the cause of ascites, especially in infectious ascites.

What is the protein content of transudative ascitic fluid?

Transudative ascitic fluid has low protein content (<3 gm %) and exudative fluid has relatively high protein content (>3 gm %). However, ascites with high protein content although a consistent finding in malignant ascitic fluid has also been reported in upto 25% of patients with chronic liver disease.

How long does it take for a positive ascitic fluid culture?

Ascitic fluid examination for acid fast bacilli identifies the organism in less than 3 % of cases. The frequency of positive ascitic fluid culture for mycobacterium tuberculosis is less than 20 % and may take upto 8 weeks for culture to yield definitive information [ 1 ].