What is the gustilo Anderson classification?

What is the gustilo Anderson classification?

What is the gustilo Anderson classification?

The Gustilo Anderson classification, also known as the Gustilo classification, is the most widely accepted classification system of open (or compound) fractures. The grading system is used to guide management of compound fractures, with higher grade injuries associated with higher risk of complications.

What is the treatment of Anderson Gustilo classification grade 3B?

grade 3b injuries require free or rotational flap repair. grade 3c injuries require vascular repair and usually soft tissue free or rotational flap repair.

What type of fracture is classified by the gustilo system?

The Gustilo open fracture classification system is the most commonly used classification system for open fractures….Classification.

Gustilo Grade Definition
I Open fracture, clean wound, wound <1 cm in length
II Open fracture, wound > 1 cm but < 10 cm in length without extensive soft-tissue damage, flaps, avulsions

What is open fracture type I or II?

They categorized open injuries into the familiar three categories, based on wound size, level of contamination, and osseous injury, as follows: Type I = an open fracture with a wound less than 1 cm long and clean; Type II = an open fracture with a laceration greater than 1 cm long without extensive soft tissue damage.

What is a Grade 1 fracture?

Gustilo Classification for Open Fractures Grade I: • wound less than 1 cm with minimal soft tissue injury; • wound bed is clean; • bone injury is simple with minimal comminution; • with intramedullary nailing, average time to union is 21–28 weeks.

What is a Grade 3 stress fracture?

grade 3: severe marrow edema on both fat-suppressed T2WI and T1WI or periosteal edema, without a fracture line. grade 4: severe marrow edema on both fat-suppressed T2WI and T1WI or periosteal edema plus visible fracture line on T1WI or T2WI.

What are the different types of Gustilo wounds?

Gustilo Classification 1 Type I wound ≤ 1 cm, minimal contamination or muscle damage 2 Type II wound 1-10 cm, moderate soft tissue injury 3 Type IIIA wound usually >10 cm, high energy, extensive soft-tissue damage, contaminated adequate tissue for flap coverage farm injuries are automatically at least Gustillo IIIA

How are gunshot wounds classified according to speed?

Gunshot wounds are classified according to the speed of the projectile using the Gustilo open fracture classification : Low velocity wounds are typical of small caliber handguns and display wound patterns like Gustilo Anderson Type 1 or 2 wounds These are more typical of shotgun blasts or higher caliber handguns like magnums.

How is Gustilo used to diagnose soft tissue injury?

The Gustilo classification is used to identify the severity of the soft tissue damage. Fracture healing, infection, and amputation rates correlate with the degree of soft tissue injury by Gustilo and helps determine the prognosis. The seventh characters available for these open fractures are:

How are gunshot wounds treated in the civilian world?

•Civiliangunshotwoundsaregenerally low velocity, resulting in laceration and crushing damage to the bullet track. Low velocity, small entrance and small exit wounds can lead to simple fractures or to commi-nution. Treatment should consist of debridement and stabilization, and the bullet may or may not be excised.