Who were Thomas Hobbes and John Locke?

Who were Thomas Hobbes and John Locke?

Who were Thomas Hobbes and John Locke?

Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679) and John Locke (1632-1704) were two English philosophers, considered to be the founders of modern political philosophy. They lived in the era of the enlightenment. Both Hobbes and Locke justified and articulated the reasons for the role of State.

What beliefs did Hobbes Locke and Rousseau share?

Hobbes theory of Social Contract supports absolute sovereign without giving any value to individuals, while Locke and Rousseau supports individual than the state or the government.

How did John Locke’s background reflect Enlightenment ideas?

John Locke studied science and medicine at Oxford University and became a political professor. His background reflected Enlightenment ideas because while he was a professor at Oxford university he sided with the Protestant Parliament against the Roman Catholic Church in the Revolution of 1685.

How is John Locke different from Hobbes?

Locke views the state of nature more positively and presupposes it to be governed by natural law. He differentiates the state of nature from the state of war, unlike Hobbes who conceives the state of nature per se as equivalent to the state of war.

What was Thomas Hobbes contribution to the Enlightenment?

The contribution that Thomas Hobbes made to the enlightenment was that he developed a theory of the social contract. The correct option among all the options that are given in the question is the second option or option “B”.

What is the main idea of Hobbes?

Hobbes believed that to enforce law and prevent the chaos of the state of nature, people consented to forming a government. This idea is written into the preamble of the U.S. Constitution, when “We the People” establish a government to do things like “ensure domestic tranquility” and “promote the general welfare.”.

What were the beliefs of Thomas Hobbes?

Thomas Hobbes, for instance, believed that humans were self-interested and only concerned with doing things that benefited themselves instead of others. John Locke , on the contrary, had a much more positive view on human nature as he believed that all humans were not self-interested beings.

What were Thomas Hobbes accomplishments?

Hobbes’ Greatest Achievements. Thomas Hobbes became the first British interpreter of the Thucydides History of Peloponnesian War. He is popular for his book Leviathan , which concerns the structure of society and the government. It is considered to be one of the most important examples of a social contract philosophy.