This is an extract of a medic student’s coursework, dedicated to problems caused by alcohol.
Health – one of the most important components of human happiness, one of the inalienable rights of the human person, one of the conditions for successful social and economic development. Ask the sick person: if he could give his strength to creation, to overcome the difficult tasks associated with work or daily life, which have been feasible for him to illness? I think the answer is clear and unequivocal – no, for now it is not healthy.
Health inestimable happiness in the life of every person and of human society. Each of us is inherent desire to be strong and healthy as long as possible to preserve the mobility, vigor, energy and achieve longevity. Human Health – the main value of life. It cannot be bought for any money; it must maintain, protect and improve his youth, from the first days of a child’s life. Normal full human life is unthinkable without a sufficiently good health.
Health, by definition, the World Health Organization is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Background, stimulating the growth of alcohol consumption. Over the millennia of life on Earth in humans has formed a custom to use products containing alcohol. Drink it with a different purpose, but one – no one drank no aims to become drunk, and the more alcoholic. For all drank one characteristic in common: absolute sobriety as a deliberate denial of obligatory norms of life. Nevertheless, when a person who is a victim of alcohol hobbies, tells the doctor his history of illness, it is quite frankly says that if he had known how it would end, if the time would have been stopped, this would not have happened.
Few people take into account that alcoholism as a disease has a significant difference from other diseases, at the first sign that a person goes to a doctor and runs the assigned treatment (in the worst case to be treated yourself). A sick as alcoholism, even the feeling that others drink (not alcohol-dependent people), he cannot, do not take any action to get rid of this disease and is very sensitive to advice to stay close and soberly assess their state.
Objective assessment of the use of alcohol results shows that not all who drink alcohol, become alcoholics. However, everyone is paying for this “fun” part of their health, abilities and health of their children, decreased performance, and often, the destruction of families, the loss of love and respect for others. We cannot say that the tragic consequences of drinking were not known before. That’s the paradox that, as long as people have learned to produce a liquid containing alcohol and use them to set the mood, they soon found that they cause are “fun” or other emotions are fraught with troubles and diseases. Nevertheless, the psychological nature of such emotions. What is required to have a desire to repeat the pleasant sensation? It begins to form a craving for alcohol. Insidiously this addiction is that the person who is in a state of alcoholic euphoria, do not tend to think about the danger threatening its future prosperity.
Intoxication prevents him from seeing themselves from the outside and use the so-called “pre-mistaking” knowledge in order to avoid a repetition of tragic examples known to him. In addition, if, sober, drinking man recalls, it is usually very late, when he is no longer able to voluntarily get out of the pool drinking.
The negative effect on the organs and systems of the body
The brain is the most active user of energy. The negative effects of alcohol on the brain due to the access of oxygen to the violation of the neurons because of alcohol intoxication. Alcoholic dementia that develops in connection with the long-term use of alcohol leads to social death of brain cells. Harmful effects of alcohol affects all the systems of the human body (the nervous, circulatory, digestive) Diseases of the cardiovascular system occupy a leading place in the structure of mortality. Under the influence of alcohol affected heart muscle, which leads to severe disease and increased mortality. Alcohol abuse contributes to the development and progression of hypertension, coronary heart disease is often a direct cause of heart attacks. Breathe is a synonym for life. Under the breath and out breath is understood that alternate regularly.
Breathing process consists of four stages, the violation of any of them leads to serious breathing disorder. There may be a variety of diseases: chronic bronchitis, bronchitis, emphysema, tuberculosis, gastrointestinal pathology. Patients with chronic alcoholism often complain of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, as gastric mucosa in the first place takes on itself the poisonous effects of alcohol. In the study, they identified gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
With the development of alcoholism disturbed function of the salivary glands. The liver is unique among organs of the digestive system, is the main chemical laboratory of the body that performs the antitoxic function, participate in almost all types of metabolism: protein, fat, carbohydrate, water. Under the influence of alcohol disturbed liver function, which can lead to cirrhosis. The majority of patients with alcoholism disturbed renal excretory function.
It is not working throughout the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system, therefore, violated the regulation of renal activity. If alcoholism is suffering not only the central but also the peripheral nervous system. A variety of Manifestation: a psychological disorder in the form of hallucinations, numbness of body parts, muscle cramps, sometimes severe weakness in the limbs, as if “wadded legs.” Alcohol adversely affects the human immune system, violates hematopoiesis processes, and reduces the production of lymphocytes. Alcohol contributes to the development of allergies. Alcohol has a harmful effect on the endocrine glands, and primarily on the sex glands. Reduced sexual function observed in 1/3 of people who abuse alcohol, and in patients with chronic alcoholism. Due to the “alcohol impotence” in males, easily arise various functional disorders of the central nervous system (neurosis, reactive depression, etc.). In women under the influence of alcohol early cease menstruation, decreased fertility, pregnancy toxicosis often observed. The systematic use of alcohol leads to premature old age, disability; the duration of those prone to drunkenness 15-20 years shorter than the average.
Family – is the main link, which form good habits and bad and rejected. First impressions of the child related to the implementation of certain actions, drawn from home life. The child sees, perceives, seeks to imitate, and this action had secured regardless of the fledgling faith. There are four conditions for the formation of habits. The first – attention to the actions of the parents of the child, as they may be harmful. Developing good skill and securing it a habit. The second – a strict organization of the whole child’s activities without suppression initiatives. Third – an example of adults to form good habits. Fourth – reinforcing action in the form of praise, for example, other children or friends.
The lack of reliable information on the prevalence, incidence of alcohol complicates perception of the facts related to the severe consequences that have these substances.