What is translated in the nucleus?

What is translated in the nucleus?

What is translated in the nucleus?

The genetic material of the cell is stored in the nucleus and is transcribed into mRNAs, which are then processed and exported to the cytoplasm. So the orthodoxy goes, once in the cytoplasm mRNAs are “read” by rotund factories called ribosomes and are translated into proteins.

How is information converted in translation?

Translation is the process that takes the information passed from DNA as messenger RNA and turns it into a series of amino acids bound together with peptide bonds. It is essentially a translation from one code (nucleotide sequence) to another code (amino acid sequence).

Is translation or transcription in the nucleus?

In eukaryotes, transcription and translation take place in different cellular compartments: transcription takes place in the membrane-bounded nucleus, whereas translation takes place outside the nucleus in the cytoplasm. In prokaryotes, the two processes are closely coupled (Figure 28.15).

What is mRNA is translated into?

In translation, messenger RNA (mRNA) is decoded in a ribosome, outside the nucleus, to produce a specific amino acid chain, or polypeptide. The polypeptide later folds into an active protein and performs its functions in the cell.

What can leave the nucleus?

Eukaryotic DNA never leaves the nucleus; instead, it’s transcribed (copied) into RNA molecules, which may then travel out of the nucleus. In the cytosol, some RNAs associate with structures called ribosomes, where they direct synthesis of proteins.

How is information converted in translation answers?

Information from the nucleotides is translated to information in amino acids through a process of translation. Each codon (set of three nucleotides in sequence)codes for one amino acid. There are three codons that also code for the ‘stop’ signal that indicates where the translation should stop.

In what two places in the cell can translation occur?

In a eukaryotic cell, translation occurs in the ribosomes that are in the cell cytoplasm and the endoplasmic reticulum. Translation is the process where the codons of the mRNA are decoded. The codons are translated to the language of amino acids from the language of nucleic acids.

Does mRNA go back into the nucleus?

The mRNA cannot enter the nucleus, so the two nucleic acids are never in the same place in the cell. Process — mRNA is not DNA. So, if a person’s DNA was going to be altered, the RNA would have to be made into DNA. This would require an enzyme called reverse transcriptase.